Login or Register to make a submission.

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word file format. Currently, we dot not accept the Latex file.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is written on the journal template. All illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • All authors agree to the ethical guidelines of COPE.

Author Guidelines

Manuscript Submission

By submitting the manuscript in the Annals of Engineering, it is implied that

  • The work has not been published anywhere before
  • It is not under consideration for publication anywhere else
  • All co-authors have agreed to its content and approved it
  • All the authorities (funders, institutes, government, universities, laboratory, etc.) have approved it

Should there be any claims the publisher ImperialOpen Publishing, London, UK will not be held responsible legally for compensation. 

As of publishing materials, the inclusion of figures, tables, data, text, etc., which are already published and therefore protected by the copyright owner(s), in the articles submitted in the Annals of Engineering requires the permission from the appropriate copyright owner(s). Should there be any such case, the evidence of granted permission need to be submitted along with the papers. If not submitted, all materials will be assumed to be contributed and created by the authors.    

Online Submission
To submit the paper online, please follow the hyperlink “Submit Manuscript” on the top menu bar. In each step, provide the necessary information and upload the files. Necessary instructions are given on the screen on each page.

Cover Letter

The cover letter should be provided in the place of the "Comments for the Editor" that should highlight the following information.

  • A concise and informative title
  • The novelty of the work
  • The main contribution of the authors
  • The applicability of the work, mentioning some of the potential industrial sectors
  • The name and e-mail address of the corresponding author

Manuscript Texts

Text Formatting: Manuscripts can be submitted in MS Word files (.docx or .doc) following the template (Download) or in the plain word file.

The following instructions should be followed:

  • The manuscript should be prepared using the template above.
  • The text parts to be emphasized should be written in italics.
  • The pages should be numbered using auto-numbering.
  • For indentation, the tab stops or other commands should be used. The space bar should not be used.
  • For the table, the table command should be used. Avoid using a spreadsheet to produce tables.
  • The equation editor or MathType should be used for equations.

Headings: The headings should be numbered using the decimal system. For creating sub-sections, up to three levels are allowed. For instance:

           4.     Results and discussion

              4.1   Effects of X on Y

                 4.1.1 Empirical relation between X and Y

Abbreviations: At the first appearance the abbreviations should be defined. Afterward, there should be consistent use of that abbreviation.

Footnotes: To provide any significant additional information footnote(s) can be used. Footnotes must be different from the citation of references. Use superscript lower-case letters as footnotes symbol inside the text. For footnotes in tables, do use asterisks, or any other symbols.

Acknowledgments: Acknowledgments should be addressed in the manuscript under section ‘Acknowledgments’. Typically acknowledgment is given to funding organizations, grants, persons of interest, institutes, etc. Wherever applicable, the name of the funders should be mentioned in full name with grant number.


Citation: Appropriate reference should be cited in the manuscript according to the APA style. Please note that the Annals of Engineering recommend not to cite more than two references in a single sentence. This helps readers and reviewers to better comprehend the supporting contribution by the cited reference(s). Please follow the below-listed examples:

  1. A comprehensive review was published on the ecological aspects of cooling lubrication techniques applied in machining (Krolczyk et al., 2019).
  2. Klocke and Frank (2006) presented the simulation study on the tool wear for hard turning.
  3. Mia, Bashir, and Dhar (2016) determined the influence of cutting parameters on the machining performance.
  4. The machining under sustainable condition was reported by Jamil et al. (2020) and (Sarıkaya, Yılmaz, & Güllü, 2016).

Reference list: The references should be listed in APA style at the end of the manuscript under the section ‘Reference’. In that list, only the works cited in the text should be included. The published or accepted research papers are usually listed. In addition, the authentic reports, website, books, book chapter, and dissertation can be referred to.

Some samples are shown in the following list:

Journal article:

Krolczyk, G. M., Maruda, R. W., Krolczyk, J. B., Wojciechowski, S., Mia, M., Nieslony, P., & Budzik, G. (2019). Ecological trends in machining as a key factor in sustainable production – A review. Journal of Cleaner Production, 218, 601-615. doi:

Mia, M. (2018). Mathematical modeling and optimization of MQL assisted end milling characteristics based on RSM and Taguchi method. Measurement, 121, 249-260. doi:

Conference article:

Klocke, F., & Frank, P. (2006). Simulation of tool wear in hard turning. Paper presented at the 9th CIRP International Workshop on Modelling of Machining Operations.

Mia, M., Bashir, M. A., & Dhar, N. R. (2016). Effects of cutting parameters and machining environments on surface roughness in hard turning using design of experiment. Paper presented at the AIP conference proceedings.

Accepted article published with DOI:

Jamil, M., Khan, A. M., Hegab, H., Gupta, M. K., Mia, M., He, N., . . . Liu, Z. (2020). Milling of Ti–6Al–4V under hybrid Al2O3-MWCNT nanofluids considering energy consumption, surface quality, and tool wear: a sustainable machining. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology. doi:10.1007/s00170-020-05296-9


Groover, M. P. (2007). Fundamentals of modern manufacturing: materials processes, and systems: John Wiley & Sons.

Book chapter:

Mehta, K., Gupta, M., & Sharma, P. (2018). Nano-machining, nano-joining, and nano-welding. In Micro and Precision Manufacturing (pp. 71-86): Springer.


Australia fires: ‘Catastrophic’ alerts in South Australia and Victoria. (2019, November 11). Retrieved from


Rizzuti, S., Rizzuti, S., & Filice, L. (2014). Fundamental aspects in metal cutting modelling (Doctoral dissertation).


  • All tables are to be numbered numerically (1, 2, 3 …).
  • Following the above numeric order, all tables should be cited in text in consecutive order.
  • A table should have a title that best represents the content of the table.
  • If any table is adopted from any published source, then that table should be cited with proper reference.
  • For footnotes in tables, do use asterisks, or any other symbols.


  • The submission of all figures inside the manuscript is mandatory.
  • For lettering inside the figure, it is suggested to use sans serif fonts (i.e. Arial, Calibri)
  • For consistent size maintaining inside the figure, use font size 9 pt.
  • In the figure, effects such as shading, outline letters, etc. should be avoided.
  • A figure should have a title that best represents the content of the figure.
  • The title of the figure should not be included inside the art area of the illustration.
  • All figures are to be numbered numerically (1, 2, 3 …).
  • Following the above numeric order, all figures should be cited in text in consecutive order.
  • Parts of the figure should be denoted by lower case letters (Fig. 1a, Fig. 2c, etc.)
  • If any figure is adopted from any published source, then that figure should be cited with proper reference. In such a case, permission should be taken and submitted to Annals of Engineering. The ImperialOpen Publishing, London, UK will not take any responsibility to compensate for any costs.
  • For numbering figures in the appendix (if any), continue the numbering from the main text.
  • Each figure caption should use the word ‘Fig.’ followed by the number of the figure. Both should be highlighted using bold type.

English Language

All articles submitted in the Annals of Engineering must show a high-quality standard write-up for scientific article writing. This helps the editors and reviewers to accurately assess the quality of the presented work in the manuscript. Sometimes an article written by non-native English speakers fails to provide standard quality of an article. In such cases, the authors can take help from the following modes:

  • Help taken from native English speakers to upgrade the manuscript value in terms of English quality.
  • Take help from a professional language editing service. Currently ImperialOpen Publishing, London, UK does not render this service.

Ethics in Publication

Ethical standard: For publication integrity, the authors are requested to follow the COPE guidelines. The research work submitted in the Annals of Engineering should uphold the highest integrity of the publication. Any misconduct such as misrepresentation of found results, manipulation of data and figures, etc. may damage the professionalism in scientific research publication. Hence the authors are requested to maintain integrity in publication, such as:

  • The submitted research work is novel and is not published anywhere else.
  • The work is currently not under consideration for publication anywhere else.
  • Any new work, that is an extension of authors previously published work, can be submitted for publication consideration provided the authors to provide an appropriate citation to avoid ‘self-plagiarism’.
  • The authors are advised to avoid ‘salami-slicing’ i.e. publishing single content in many parts to the single journal over time or in multiple journals.
  • That there is no data controlling or manipulation. This is applicable for generating figures as well.
  • The authors should rearticulate other authors' work to avoid ‘plagiarism’. The Annals of Engineering will not accept any plagiarized manuscript in any condition. Proper citation with paraphrasing is suggested. For the exact copying of other words, quotation marks should be used.   
  • The Annals of Engineering may use the plagiarism checking software. Based on the similarity index, not more than 15%, editorial members decide whether to proceed with reviewing or not.
  • It is assumed that consent is taken about the research manuscript from all the authors, their institutes, funding bodies, and other authorities wherever needed.
  • All authors should have sufficient contribution to different stages of the research work to be the coauthors. Also, all authors remain responsible for the accountability of the presented results. 
  • During submission, carefully nominate the first author, order of other authors, and corresponding author. Once the paper is accepted, the Annals of Engineering will not accept the changes in the order of authors.
  • The Annals of Engineering will not accept the addition or removal of authors once the paper is accepted. However, if the authors are agreed to such changes, and the notification is sent from the institute or independent body formally, only then Annals of Engineering may consider such changes. Note that the Annals of Engineering and ImperialOpen Publishing, London, UK reserve the right to proceed or not proceed to make such changes.
  • By agreeing to publish in Annals of Engineering authors should send any data or other information required to verify the results of claims upon claims. However, sensitive data may be excluded from such obligation provided the authors show appropriate documents of such confidentiality.

Penalty for misconduct: If misconduct is suspected, an investigation will be carried out following the COPE guidelines. In case of valid concern for such allegation, the authors will be given an opportunity to justify the issue. However, if the level of misconduct is serious enough and proven right then the editor-in-chief may follow the following measures which may not be limited to:

  • Under editorial considerations, articles may be rejected.
  • Published articles may be kept in archives with a publication of erratum.
  • Published articles may be retracted completely if the infraction is severe enough.
  • Note that retracted article will remain in the website and archives, but sealed as ‘retracted’.
  • Along with the retracted articles, the reason for retraction will be provided.
  • In cases, the registered institution of authors may be informed.

Compliance with ethical standard

Authors need to provide information related to funding bodies, grant number, a potential conflict of interest (of any type), consent form in case human was involved in as participants. Also when animals were involved it is required to state the welfare of animals. 

During submission following certifications are required from authors:

  • Funding information with grant number etc.
  • The potential conflict of interest
  • Authorized form from respective authority if animals are involved in research
  • Consent form if the research involved human

Articles without the ‘Compliance with ethical standards’ information may not be sent to review. Upon submitting a false statement, the authors will be held responsible.

The editors of the Annals of Engineering reserve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the ‘Compliance with ethical standards’ guidelines.

Conflict of interest

It is compulsory to disclose any potential conflict of interest with the authors/researchers. If there is no conflict of interest that should be also disclosed as ‘The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest’. Conflict of interest can be of financial, non-financial, personal, etc. and that should be written in detail so that more accurate processing of the article can be performed by a transparent review process.

Funding: This research was fully or partially funded by ABC. The grant number is ##### sanctioned in year ####.

Conflict of Interest: Please write details of any conflict of interest with any person, institute, agency, etc.

Post-acceptance activities

After acceptance of the article, it will be processed with the following modes:

  • Your article will be processed and you will receive the proofs. During the proofreading stage, no major changes are allowed without approval from the editor. Only small issues like sentence structure, grammatical issues, figure quality improvements, etc. are allowed to change. 
  • After proofreading, the article will be published as an ‘Online First’ version with DOI. This version can be cited by researchers.
  • The final paginated version will be published later when the article is included in an issue and volume.

Article Processing Charge

The Annals of Engineering by ImperialOpen Publishing, London, UK publishes articles as Gold Open-Access version. This means all articles are made freely accessible to authors around the globe. They can read, download, share, and cite the articles. As such, gold open-access articles receive more visibility than traditional publication i.e. creating a greater impact. Also, it promotes no-restriction to knowledge sharing. You can have a sight of choosing open-access publication here. It is to be mentioned, frequently, funders require publication in gold open-access journals. 

There are no Article Processing Charges (APC) for the articles submitted in 2020. 

Copyright and license term – CC-BY
Authors hold the copyright of their article(s) published in the Annals of Engineering as all articles are the gold open-access articles. The published articles are distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License.

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.